Below is a sample grey fleet policy for you to use and share
Date: 15th May 2013
1.1 Policy Objectives
The purpose of this policy is to explain:
- Guidelines regarding use of private vehicles for business journeys
- The options available as a grey fleet driver
- Obligations under the policy, including health and safety
All drivers are bound by the terms of this policy. You should therefore familiarise yourself with its contents. Questions regarding this policy should be directed to your <Contact Name>
1.2 Environmental Policy
The <ABC Organisation> grey fleet policy aims to minimise the effect of business mileage on the environment through encouraging the use of fuel efficient cars and those with low CO2 and tailpipe emissions
Employees will not therefore be able to utilise vehicles that <ABC Organisation> feel do not meet this objective.
<ABC Organisation> also expects employees to maintain company cars in line with the manufacturer’s recommendations and drive them in a fuel efficient manner. This will both reduce vehicle emissions and running costs.
This policy is effective from XX Month 20XX. The company will periodically review this Policy and reserves the right to alter it at any time.
This policy should be read in conjunction with the following company issued documents:
- Driving on Business Handbook – Health and Safety and driving guidance
- ABC Organisation expenses policy
2 Grey Fleet Users
2.1 Ad-hoc use of private vehicles for business use
Employees who carry out occasional business use in their private vehicles will be reimbursed for business mileage in line with the HMRC’s Approved Mileage Allowance Payments. The HMRC payment rates are currently 45 pence per mile for the first 10,000 business miles in any one tax year, and then 25 pence per mile thereafter.
Employees must complete the registration form contained in Appendix I prior to using their own vehicle on business. This provision must only be used for incidental mileage when a pool car or daily rental car is not available or practical to use (i.e. a short journey originating for a home address).
2.2 Requirements for providing a suitable vehicle
Any vehicle used on company business must be
- Suitable for its intended use and not exceed <10 years> old
- Fully maintained (in line with the vehicles manufacturers recommendations), in a roadworthy condition and meet all legal requirements, such as a valid MOT (where applicable) and tax disc
- Fully insured for business use
- The vehicle has been authorised for use following completion of the form which can be found in Appendix I.
2.3 Driving licence checks
All employees who drive on business will be required to undergo annual driving licence checks to ensure the employee has a full and valid driving licence for the category of vehicle they are required to drive on business. Employees with more than 6 points or more on their licence are required to have their licences checked more frequently.
2.4 Driving offences and fines
The driver of the vehicle must drive within the law including:
- Ensuring that a valid road fund licence is displayed
- Ensuring that traffic signs and statutory speed limits (including variable speed limits) are observed
- Ensuring bus lane and clear zone regulations are observed
- Ensuring that the vehicle is always sensibly parked and not in breach of any regulations
There are many types of automated fines including speeding, parking and bus lane enforcement as well as on the spot fines. Payment of any motoring fines is the responsibility of the employee and as such must be must be paid immediately.
Employees must advise the company immediately if they lose their licence or are disqualified from driving either temporarily or permanently. Failure to notify the company of a loss of licence is regarded as a serious disciplinary offence. If you lose your licence and it is deemed that your job cannot be carried out effectively without it, the company reserves the right to terminate your employment.
3 Health & Safety Guidelines
These guidelines apply to all employees who use a vehicle on company business and should be read in conjunction with the “Driving at Work Guide”.
3.2 Driver’s health
Employees must not use company vehicles, or drive any vehicles for work unless they are in a fit condition to drive, and their eye sight meets the DVLA’s required standards. If any medical condition is known that may affect their ability to drive such as epilepsy or diabetes (type 1) they must inform both the company and DVLA immediately. Guidance on the medical conditions that require notification to DVLA are available from the DVLA at http://www.dvla.gov.uk/medical/ataglance.aspx.
3.3 General upkeep of vehicle
You should ensure that the vehicle you are using is in a mechanically roadworthy condition and that it has current vehicle excise licence and MOT certificate (if over 3 years old). The vehicles routine maintenance should be up to date, in line with the manufacturer’s recommendations. Specifically, you should ensure that:
- All exterior lights are clean and in working order
- Interior and exterior mirrors are in good condition
- The windscreen is in good condition and wash/wipe system is working properly
- All brakes are working properly
- All tyres are in good condition and above the minimum legal tread depth of 1.6mm
- The speedometer and horn are working properly
- Seatbelts are working properly
- Registration plates are visible
3.4 Mobile phone use
It is a criminal offence to use a hand held mobile phone or similar electronic device whilst driving, or even whilst sat in a car with the engine running. Failure to comply with the law can result in significant fines and points on your driving licence and in the worst cases could lead to imprisonment.
The company recommends that employees do NOT use a mobile phone whilst driving on business, even if a hands free device is fitted. Research has shown that involvement in a conversation on a telephone represents a major distraction to a driver. The company therefore recommend diverting your mobile phone to voicemail whilst driving, and reading and responding to voicemail messages at the end of a journey, or during rest stops.
If your car is fitted with a hands free device the company recommends you only answer a mobile phone call IF you deem it safe to do so and IF the conversation is kept brief and simple. Advise the caller you are driving and you can call them back later.
Whilst the use of a mobile phone fitted with a hands-free kit is legal; it is still a distraction and can therefore increase the risk of an accident. You should also be aware that should you be involved in an accident whilst using a hands free device you can still be prosecuted for not having proper control of your vehicle.
The use of a mobile phone fitted with an earpiece is not a hands-free kit and should not therefore be used under any conditions.
Any breach of the law regarding mobile phone use will be treated as a serious disciplinary offence.
3.5 Safe driving
Drivers must exercise proper control of their vehicles at all times and conform to the relevant Road Traffic Acts and the Highway Code. In particular:
- Always drive in a manner that is courteous and considerate to other road users and pedestrians
- Always drive at a speed appropriate for the conditions, maximum speed limits are exactly that and you should drive slower in poor weather conditions and reduced visibility
- The wearing of seat belts by driver and passengers is compulsory at all times
- Maintain a safe braking distance behind those in front of you
- Consider other road users, especially cyclists and motorcyclists
3.6 Extensive travel and tiredness
The company appreciates that extensive travel may be required from time to time. Employees are however encouraged to seek alternatives to business travel where possible such as video or telephone conferencing. Employees should also plan journeys in advance to manage travelling time and use overnight accommodation when necessary.
Where extensive travel is necessary, employees are encouraged to take regular breaks. Section 91 of the Highway Code recommends drivers to take 15 minute breaks after every 2 hours of driving. These breaks can also be utilised to reply to mobile phone messages and make any phone calls.
If at any time you feel tired you should find a safe place to stop and rest until you feel fit to continue your journey.
Employees should not commence a journey if they are not fit to do so due to fatigue, medication that may adversely affect their ability to drive safely, or illness.
3.7 Driving under the influence of drink or drugs
Driving under the influence of alcohol is a criminal offence which can result in a driving ban or even a prison sentence. The current legal limit of alcohol in the blood is 80mg to 100 ml of blood, however any alcohol in the blood can adversely affect your ability to drive. A conviction for drink driving is deemed a very serious offence by the company and may result in termination of employment, especially in the case of disqualification from driving where driving is a necessity of your job function.
It is important to consider that alcohol remains in the blood for a significant time after consumption has taken place, and therefore significant consumption of alcohol in an evening can result in you being over the legal driving limit some time into the following day.
Driving whilst under the influence of drugs, both illegal substances and prescribed medication is also illegal. In the case of prescription drugs you must ensure that you are able to drive whilst taking the medication, as well as ensuring you do not exceed the recommended dosage. If in doubt you should consult the instructions supplied with the medication (they will often advise not to drive or operate heavy machinery) or consult your GP.
If you receive a driving ban for any of these offences you must inform <ABC Organisation> immediately.
In the event of a breakdown you should contact the breakdown provider if necessary using a roadside telephone. Always attempt to bring the vehicle to a halt in a safe place, away from fast moving traffic, preventing the vehicle from causing an obstruction or blocking other drivers views of the road. If you have broken down on the roadside you should activate the hazard warning lights on your vehicle as soon as you breakdown and keep them on until your vehicle is repaired or removed. You should also use a warning triangle where appropriate.
Stay with your vehicle but where possible stand on the pavement or embankment away from the road and vehicle. If this is not feasible or in bad weather you should sit in the front of the vehicle on the side nearest to the pavement or embankment. You should not attempt to fix the vehicle where it is dangerous to do so, for example where the vehicle is partly blocking the road or a lane of a motorway or dual carriageway, or where the vehicle is on a bend or narrow section of road.
You should always ensure that you travel with warm and preferably waterproof clothing in case you have to wait some time for assistance. If possible you should also carry in your vehicle a torch, spare fuses and a mobile phone.
3.9 Driver training
Where necessary the company may provide a driver training programme. If you believe you would benefit from driver training, discuss the matter first with your line manager. The company reserves the right to impose mandatory driver training where there is evidence of bad driving in company vehicles.
Driving a vehicle in a smooth and fuel efficient manner is proven to significantly reduce both fuel consumption and vehicle emissions. This has both cost and environmental benefits. Employees should familiarise themselves with the benefits and methods of eco driving to minimise the impact of their business and private travel on the environment.
The following tips provide basic guidance as to eco driving, however the vehicle manufacturers’ car handbook will contain advice on eco driving specific to the vehicle being driven.
- Drive smoothly – avoid harsh acceleration and braking (can increase fuel consumption by 10%)
- Use the correct gear – using the wrong gear can increase fuel consumption by 25%
- Think ahead – look ahead and pre-empt traffic conditions such as changing traffic lights
- Ensure correct tyre pressures – each tyre can increase fuel consumption by 1% for every 2psi under inflated
- Don’t speed – observe speed limits. Travelling at 80mph used considerably more fuel than travelling at 70 mph and it is illegal!
- Save fuel – switch off the engine when stationary in traffic jams
- Reduce drag – remove roof and cycle racks when not being used as they can increase fuel consumption by up to 50% at 50mph
- Plan journeys – avoid the unnecessary mileage of getting lost
3.11 What to do in the event of an accident
In the event of an accident the employee or the driver of the vehicle must:
- Stop the vehicle in a safe position
- If anyone is injured, call an ambulance and the police
- Provide name and address and confirm that the vehicle is covered by company insurance. Provide policy details if known.
- Obtain name, address, registration number and insurance policy details of any other driver involved. If they do not have their insurance policy details to hand ask the name of their insurer or, failing this, their broker or company name if a company vehicle.
- Note names and addresses of any independent witnesses.
- Make a note and rough diagram of what has happened. If you have a camera, take pictures of the scene.
- Report the accident to <your line manager>.
Do not discuss who was at fault in the accident or admit any liability.
All accidents must be reported regardless of the extent of damage to the vehicle. This includes incidents where no third party has been involved. At the time of any accident and afterwards you are expected to co-operate fully with the company, police, insurers and any other authority or body investigating the accident.
If you receive a notice of intended prosecution from the police, you must notify <Contact Name> immediately.
Appendix I – Grey Fleet Driver Mandate
|Line Manager Name:|
|Vehicle Registration No:||Year of Manufacture:|
|Engine CC||Fuel Type:|
|CO2 (If known)|
|Road Fund Licence Due Date:|
|MOT Reference (If applicable):|
|Insurance Policy Reference Number:|
|I confirm I have read and agree to adhere to the conditions and guidance set down in this document|
|Please return this document to <administrator> along with a copy of your current insurance document. If you use more than one vehicle please complete a separate form for each vehicle.|